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SLEEP DISORDERS

Primary Sleep disorders are divided into two subcategories: 

  • Dyssomnias are those disorders relating to the amount, quality, and timing of sleep. 
  • Parasomnias relate to abnormal behavior or physiological events that occur during the process of sleep or sleep-wake transitions. 

We use the perm primary to differentiate these sleep disorders from other sleep disorders that are caused by outside factors, such as another mental disorder, medical disorder, or substance use. 

The criteria for a diagnosis of primary insomnia include a difficulty falling asleep, remaining asleep, or receiving restorative sleep for a period no less than one month.  This disturbance in sleep must cause significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other important functions and does not appear exclusively during the course of another mental or medical disorder or during the use of alcohol, medication, or other substances.